Tooth eruption stages for kids differ from one child to another. So if your friend's baby teeth are erupting and your child isn't, it's not something you should worry about. At Children's Dental Center of New Hampshire and Orthodontics TOO in Amherst, NH, you can learn more about your child's dental health.
More About Baby Teeth
Baby teeth are important for your child's health and development. Teeth help children chew, speak, smile, and hold space for permanent teeth. Parents may be under the impression that because baby teeth fall out, they don't need to be cared for but that's not the case.
Baby teeth start growing in at about six months and shedding between 4 and 7 years of age. If a baby tooth is lost too early, this may damage adult teeth; permanent teeth may drift, blocking other adult teeth from the proper eruption. Adult teeth may be overcrowded and crooked as a result.
Baby Teeth Order
Teeth vary in size, shape and location, which help shape and form your face. People usually have 20 baby teeth, which start to come in at about 6 months of age, then shed at about four years of age. By 21 years of age, you'll have 32 permanent teeth erupted.
According to the American Dental Association, there are average eruption times for children’s teeth.
Central Incisor 8-12 months
Lateral Incisor 9-13 months
Canine 16-22 months
First Molar 13-19 months
Second Molar 25-33 months
Central Incisor 6-10 months
Lateral Incisor 10-16 months
Canine 17-23 months
First Molar 14-18 months
Second Molar 23-31 months
What can affect the proper eruption of baby teeth?
There are several factors that affect your child's growth in general, such as:
- genetic factors
- medical issues, like a premature birth and low birth weight
- pituitary or thyroid problems
Would you like to speak with your Amherst dentist?
For more information on baby teeth order in the Amherst, NH, call Children's Dental Center of New Hampshire and Orthodontics TOO at (603) 673-1000 today.
A baby’s teeth begin coming in just a few months after birth—first one or two in the front, and then gradually the rest of them over the next couple of years. We often refer to these primary teeth as deciduous—just like trees of the same description that shed their leaves, a child’s primary teeth will all be gone by around puberty.
It’s easy to think of them as “minor league,” while permanent teeth are the real superstars. But although they don’t last long, primary teeth play a big role in a person’s dental health well into their adult years.
Primary teeth serve two needs for a child: enabling them to eat, speak and smile in the present; but more importantly, helping to guide the developing permanent teeth to erupt properly in the future. Without them, permanent teeth can come in misaligned, affecting dental function and appearance and increasing future treatment costs.
That’s why we consider protecting primary teeth from decay a necessity for the sake of future dental health. Decay poses a real threat for children, especially an aggressive form known as early childhood caries (ECC). ECC can quickly decimate primary teeth because of their thinner enamel.
There are ways you can help reduce the chances of ECC in your child’s teeth. Don’t allow them to drink throughout the day or to go to sleep at night with a bottle or “Sippy” cup filled with milk, formula, or even juice. These liquids can contain sugars and acids that erode enamel and accelerate decay. You should also avoid sharing eating utensils with a baby or even kissing them on the mouth to avoid the transfer of disease-causing bacteria.
And even before teeth appear, start cleaning their gums with a clean, wet cloth right after feeding. After teeth appear, begin brushing and flossing to reduce plaque, the main trigger for tooth decay. And you should also begin regular dental visits no later than their first birthday. Besides teeth cleanings and checkups for decay, your dentist has a number of measures like sealants or topical fluoride to protect at-risk teeth from disease.
Helping primary teeth survive to their full lifespan is an important goal in pediatric dentistry. It’s the best strategy for having healthy permanent teeth and a bright dental health future.
If you would like more information on tooth decay in children, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Do Babies Get Tooth Decay?”
As a parent, when deciding to bestow your child with orthodontics, each of you must be aware of cavities. This form of tooth decay is common when the mouth isn't adequately taken care of, and from consuming sugary beverages or sticky foods. Ideally, if a child has developed cavities before receiving braces, they'll need to be filled by a dentist throughout treatment. If you're considering orthodontics for your young one, Dr. Andrew Cheifetz, Dr. Agata Bartels, and Dr. Grace Hannawi-Tadros are eager to inform you about our options in our Amherst, NH, Children's Dental Center of New Hampshire and Orthodontics TOO.
Do Braces Increase the Risk of Cavities?
When the traditional route is chosen, brackets and wires make brushing and flossing more of a challenge. It's necessary for your child to practice a thorough and diligent oral care routine, otherwise, a cavity might slip its way into the enamel. Establishing healthy habits during orthodontic treatment will prove beneficial during, and in the end.
How to Prevent Cavities with Braces
When your child starts wearing orthodontics, it's critical to help them take care of their teeth. You should encourage them to brush these dental appliances after eating their favorite snack or drinking their favorite soda. In our Amherst, NH office, we can provide them with interdental brushes to help reach those tight spots, but regular floss works just as well to remove leftover particles that can cause cavities.
When to Consider Orthodontics
Reasons to contemplate braces range from enhancing confidence to improving dental health. Straight teeth are healthy teeth, and they also make someone want to show off a smile. In our Amherst, NH, Children's Dental Center of New Hampshire and Orthodontics TOO, our dentists offer Invisalign, rose gold, conventional, and porcelain orthodontics. To determine which is best for your child, schedule an initial consultation with Dr. Andrew Cheifetz, Dr. Agata Bartels, or Dr. Grace Hannawi-Tadros. For more information about the services provided in the office, visit our website. For appointment scheduling, please call (603) 673-1000.
Fluoride is an important part of your child's dental development. But if children take in too much of this important mineral, they could experience enamel fluorosis, a condition in which teeth become discolored with dark streaking or mottling.
That's why it's important to keep fluoride levels within safe bounds, especially for children under the age of 9. To do that, here's a look at the most common sources for fluoride your child may take in and how you can moderate them.
Toothpaste. Fluoridated toothpaste is an effective way for your child to receive the benefits of fluoride. But to make sure they're not getting too much, apply only a smear of toothpaste to the brush for infants. When they get a little older you can increase that to a pea-sized amount on the end of the brush. You should also train your child not to swallow toothpaste.
Drinking water. Most water systems add tiny amounts of fluoride to drinking water. To find out how much your water provider adds visit “My Water's Fluoride” online. If it's more than the government's recommendation of 0.70 parts of fluoride per million parts of water, you may want ask your dentist if you should limit your child's consumption of fluoridated drinking water.
Infant formula. Many parents choose bottle-feeding their baby with infant formula rather than breastfeed. If you use the powdered form and mix it with tap water that's fluoridated, your baby could be ingesting more of the mineral. If breastfeeding isn't an option, try using the premixed formula, which normally contains lower levels of fluoride. If you use powdered formula, mix it with bottled water labeled “de-ionized,” “purified,” “demineralized” or “distilled.”
It might seem like the better strategy for preventing fluorosis is to avoid fluoride altogether. But that can increase the risk of tooth decay, a far more destructive outcome for your child's teeth than the appearance problems caused by fluorosis. The better way is to consult with your dentist on keeping your child's intake within recognized limits to safely receive fluoride's benefits of stronger, healthier teeth.
If you would like more information on fluoride and your baby's dental health, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Tooth Development and Infant Formula.”
There's something universal about thumb sucking: nearly all babies do it, and nearly all parents worry about it. While most such worries are unfounded, you should be concerned if your child sucks their thumb past age of 4 — late thumb sucking could skew bite development.
Young children suck their thumb because of the way they swallow. Babies move their tongues forward into the space between the two jaws, allowing them to form a seal around a nipple as they breast or bottle feed. Around age 4, this “infantile swallowing pattern” changes to an adult pattern where the tip of the tongue contacts the front roof of the mouth just behind the front teeth. At the same time their future bite is beginning to take shape.
In a normal bite the front teeth slightly overlap the bottom and leave no gap between the jaws when closed. Â But if thumb sucking continues well into school age, the constant pushing of the tongue through the opening in the jaws could alter the front teeth's position as they erupt. As a result they may not fully erupt or erupt too far forward. This could create an open bite, with a gap between the upper and lower teeth when the jaws are closed.
Of course, the best way to avoid this outcome is to encourage your child to stop thumb sucking before they turn four. If, however, they're already developing a poor bite (malocclusion), all is not lost — it can be treated.
It's important, though, not to wait: if you suspect a problem you should see an orthodontist for a full evaluation and accurate diagnosis. There are even some measures that could discourage thumb sucking and lessen the need for braces later. These include a tongue crib, a metal appliance placed behind the upper and lower incisors, or exercises to train the tongue and facial muscles to adopt an adult swallowing pattern. Often, a reward system for not sucking their thumbs helps achieve success as well.
Thumb-sucking shouldn't be a concern if you help your child stop before age 4 and keep an eye on their bite development. Doing those things will help ensure they'll have both healthy and straight teeth.
If you would like more information on thumb sucking, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “How Thumb Sucking Affects the Bite.”
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